Some Markets Offered by investorseurope and their Regulations

 

Exchange name Symbol Regulations
NASDAQ NASDAQ & NSC Read more
New York Stock Exchange NYSE & ARCA Read more
NYSE MKT AMEX Read more
OTC Bulletin Board/Pink Sheets OOTC & OTCBB Read more
Toronto Stock Exchange TSE Read more
TSX Venture Exchange TSX Read more
Europe / Middle East / Africa
Athens Exchange AT Read more
BME Spanish Exchanges SIBE Read more
Deutsche Börse (XETRA) FSE Read more
Irish Stock Exchange ISE Read more
London Stock Exchange (IOB) LSE_INTL Read more
London Stock Exchange LSE_SETS Read more
Milan Stock Exchange MIL Read more
NASDAQ OMX Copenhagen CSE Read more
NASDAQ OMX Helsinki HSE Read more
NASDAQ OMX Stockholm SSE Read more
NYSE Euronext Amsterdam (AEX) AMS Read more
NYSE Euronext Brussels BRU Read more
NYSE Euronext Lisbon LISB Read more
NYSE Euronext Paris PAR Read more
Oslo Stock Exchange OSE Read more
Prague Stock Exchange PRA Read more
SIX Swiss Exchange SWX & VX Read more
Vienna Stock Exchange VIE Read more
Warsaw Stock Exchange WSE Read more
Johannesburg Stock Exchange JSE Read more
Asia / Pacific
Australian Securities Exchange ASX Read more
Hong Kong Exchanges HKEX Read more
Singapore Exchange SGX-ST Read more
Tokyo Stock Exchange TYO Read more
Futures Exchanges
Chicago Mercantile Exchange CME Read more
Chicago Board of Trade CBOT Read more
Chicago Board Options Exchange CBOE Read more
Commodity Exchange COMEX Read more
New York Mercantile Exchange NYMEX Read more
Euronext Equity and Index Derivatives AMS Read more
European Energy Exchange EEX Read more
Euronext Equity and Index Derivatives PAR Read more
Euronext Commodities Derivatives PAR Read more
Hong Kong Exchanges HKEX Read more
ICE Futures Europe ICE Read more
ICE Futures Europe-Financials ICE-LIF Read more
ICE Futures U.S. NYBOT Read more
ICE Futures Europe- Soft Commodities ICE-SOFT Read more
Borsa Italiana SpA IDEM Read more
Spanish Official Exchange MEFF Read more
Bourse de Montreal MON Read more
Osaka Exchange OSA Read more
Sydney Futures Exchange SFE Read more
Singapore Exchange SGX Read more
NASDAQ OMX Stockholm SSE Read more
EUREX Eurex Read more
Options Exchanges
Australian Securities Exchange ASX Read more
Euronext Equity and Index Derivatives AMS Read more
Euronext Equity and Index Derivatives PAR Read more
EUREX Eurex Read more
Hong Kong Exchanges HKEX Read more
ICE Futures Europe-Financials ICE-LIF Read more
Borsa Italiana SpA IDEM Read more
NYSE NYSE Read more
NYSE Arca ARCA Read more
BATS BATS Read more
Boston Options Exchange BOX Read more
Chicago Board Options Exchange CBOE Read more
C2 C2 Read more
International Securities Exchange ISE Read more
MIAX MIAX Read more
NASDAQ NASDAQ Read more
Euronext Commodities Derivatives PAR Read more
Hong Kong Exchanges HKEX Read more
ICE Futures Europe ICE Read more
ICE Futures Europe-Financials ICE-LIF Read more
ICE Futures U.S. NYBOT Read more
ICE Futures Europe- Soft Commodities ICE-SOFT Read more
Borsa Italiana SpA IDEM Read more
Spanish Official Exchange MEFF Read more
Bourse de Montreal MON Read more
Osaka Exchange OSA Read more
Singapore Exchange SGX Read more
Chicago Mercantile Exchange CME Read more
Chicago Board of Trade CBOT Read more
Commodity Exchange COMEX Read more
New York Mercantile Exchange NYMEX Read more
NASDAQ OMX Stockholm SSE Read more
Oslo Bors OSE Read more

Global Regulatory institutions are more and more focused on market conduct regulations across financial markets as well as across financial products. Financial regulation is present on an ongoing basis and the introduction of Market Abuse Regulations is symptomatic of this.

Below, we have set out a non-exhaustive list of scenarios which need to be avoided as these constitute violations of market rules.The aim of Market conduct rules is to protect as well as to promote efficient and transparent financial markets. Specific regulations set out specific market conduct that is unacceptable including the abuse of insider information but also other types of market manipulation. Individual Exchanges will also have individual rules about market disruption. Market conduct rules and regulations apply to individuals as well as entities and anyone trading has an obligation to read and understand these rules and regulations. Trading activity is monitored by market authorities for signs of suspicious activity which, when flagged, are then investigated.

A few examples of conduct that violate market rules are shown below:

  • Taking advantage of price sensitive information that has not been published concerning listed companies in order to profit or to avoid losses by buying or selling related securities.
  • Passing on insider information.
  • Disseminating false or misleading information on listed companies.
  • Disseminating false or misleading information that may influence the price of a security so as to profit from the resulting price distortion.
  • Entering low-volume purchase orders to create a stairway of higher prices in order to simulate increased demand as well as rising prices.
  • Buying and selling securities to create a misleading impression of demand for same.
  • Distortion of liquidity or prices of securities.
  • Building up large positions artificially or falsely to distort security prices.
  • Buying or selling a security before market closes to influence closing prices.
  • Buying or selling a security to ramp up its price or to keep it at a specific level.
  • Influencing a commodity price to consequently give out false or misleading information.
  • Placing an order but with no intention of executing same.
  • Creating layers of orders to self-trade to project a misleading impression of the market for a security.
  • Trying to distort the price of a stock by heavy selling or by short selling.
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